The Relationship between Parity and Preeclampsia with Low Birth Weight (LBW) Incidence in dr. M. Yunus Hospital Bengkulu, 2017

  • Nurul Khairani STIKES Tri Mandiri Sakti Bengkulu
  • Sanisahhuri Sanisahhuri STIKES Tri Mandiri Sakti Bengkulu
  • Suryani Suryani STIKES Tri Mandiri Sakti Bengkulu
  • Clara Putri Kendari STIKES Tri Mandiri Sakti Bengkulu
  • Clara Putri Kendari STIKES Tri Mandiri Sakti Bengkulu

Abstract

Short term impacts of Low Birth Weight (LBW) are metabolic disorders, immune disorders, circulatory  system disorders, fluid and electrolyte disorders, and long term impacts are developmental disorders, growth disorders, speech disorders, communication disorders, communication disorders, neurological disorders, and cognition. This study aimed to determine the relationship between parity and preeclampsia with LBW incidence at  dr. M. Yunus Hospital Bengkulu. This research used Analytical Survey with Cross Sectional design. The population in this study were mothers giving birth at  dr. M. Yunus Hospital Bengkulu in 2017 there were 654 mothers. The sampling technique in this study used Simple Random Sampling with 87 mothers giving birth. In this study using secondary data that was  data recorded in the register at dr. M. Yunus Hospital Bengkulu from January to December 2017. Data analysed by univariate and bivariate methods with Chi-Square (c2) statistical test. To determine the closeness of the relationship by using the Contingency Cofficient (C) statistical test. The results obtained from 87 mothers who gave birth, there were 58 mothers (66.7%) who did not have babies with LBW, 47 mothers (54%) with multiparous parity, and 72 mothers (82.8%) without preeclampsia. There was a significant relationship between parity with LBW incidence and there was a significant relationship between preeclampsia and LBW incidence at dr. M. Yunus Hospital Bengkulu. It is expected that dr. M. Yunus Hospital Bengkulu to be able to do health promotion to pregnant women about preventing LBW so that their knowledge increases and LBW incidence can be prevented.  Keywords: LBW incidence, parity, preeclampsia

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Author Biographies

Nurul Khairani, STIKES Tri Mandiri Sakti Bengkulu
Public Health Department
Sanisahhuri Sanisahhuri, STIKES Tri Mandiri Sakti Bengkulu
Public Health Department
Suryani Suryani, STIKES Tri Mandiri Sakti Bengkulu
Public Health Departmen
Clara Putri Kendari, STIKES Tri Mandiri Sakti Bengkulu
Public Health Department
Clara Putri Kendari, STIKES Tri Mandiri Sakti Bengkulu
Public Health Department
Published
2020-05-05
How to Cite
Khairani, N., Sanisahhuri, S., Suryani, S., Kendari, C., & Kendari, C. (2020). The Relationship between Parity and Preeclampsia with Low Birth Weight (LBW) Incidence in dr. M. Yunus Hospital Bengkulu, 2017. CHMK Midwifery Scientific Journal, 3(2), 141-149. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.37792/midwifery.v3i2.784