• Aysanti Yuliana Paulus STIKes Citra Husada Mandiri Kupang


 Background : STIs  are big problem in society’s health, especially as a consequences of sexual health and reproduction towards women, children and the poor. Women suffering from some STIs, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia can cause pelvic inflammatoion disease, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility, whereas HSV-2 infections can treble a risk of transmitted HIV or more. This study aim to prove the factors influencing with STIs towards housewives. Method: This study resulted mix method where quantitative was as the main approach with case-control design and qualitative, supportted by qualitative method using indepth interview. The target population was all housewives using clinic of STI at Puskesmas Bandarharjo, with the sample of 88 people consisting of 44 cases and 44 controls by using consecutive sampling technique. The writter gradually analysed the data, from univariate and bivariate analysis by using chi-square,  followed by multivariate analysis by using multiple logistic regression. Result: The results show the factors influencing with STIs towards housewives are history of previous STI (p = 0.001; OR = 19.5; CI95% = 3.4 to 112.1), who have ever experienced domestic violence (p = 0.042; OR = 4.4; CI95%= 1.1 to 18.2), and have permissive culture (p = 0.009; OR = 7.8; CI95%= 1.7 to 36.1) with probability to be infection is 98.06%.Conclusion: The result of this study can beconcluded that there is a relationship between history of previous STI, who have ever experienced domestic violence, and have permissive culture with STIs at Puskesmas Bandarharjo.Key Words: STIs, housewife, factor influecing.


Download data is not yet available.


1. WHO. Sexual Health. http://wwwwhoint/reproductivehealth/topics/sexual_health/sh_definitions/en/prees. 2006. (April 2015)
2. WHO. Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Sexually Transmitted Infection: 2006-2015. geneva: WHO; 2007. (April 2015)
3. Mulyani, 2013
4. Kliegman RM. Essentials of pediatrics. 5th, editor. New York: Elsivier; 2007.
5. Jennings JM, Hensel DJ. Are social organizational factors independently associated with a current bacterial sexually transmitted infection among urban adolescents and young adults? Social Science & Medicine. 2014;118:52-60.
6. Gottlieb S, Newman LM, Amin A, Temmerman M, Broutet N. Sexually transmitted infections and women’s sexual and reproductive health. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. 2013;123:183-4.
7. WHO. Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). Media centre Fact sheet N°110; 2013 November 2013 (April 2015)
8. Freeman EE WHA, Glynn J.R., Cross P.L., Whitworth J.A., Hayes R.J. Herpes simplex virus 2 infection increases HIV acquisition in men and women: systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. AIDS 2006. 2006;20(1):73-83.
9. Globocan. Cervical cancer incidence and mortality worldwide in 2008. http://globocaniarcfr/factsheets/cancers/cervixasp. 2014 (April 2015)
10. Newman L, Kamb M, Hawkes S, Gomez G, Say L, Seuc A. Global estimates of syphilis in pregnancy and associated adverse outcomes: analysis of multinational antenatal surveillance data. PLoS Med. 2013;10(2):100-396.
11. WHO. STIs: Large Burden and Serious Consequences. http://appswhoint/iris/bitstream/10665/82207/1/WHO_RHR_1302_engpdf?ua=1. 2014. (April 2015)
12. Mabey, 2014
13. Ainur A. Permasalahan Gender dalam Kasus HIV-AIDS di Indonesia. Egalita J Kesetaraan dan Keadilan Gender. 2011;6(2):177-91.
14. UNIFEM. Act Now: A Resource Guide for Young Women on HIV/AID; 2012
15. DKP. Dinkes Propinsi Jawa Tengah. Profil Kesehatan Propinsi Jawa Tengah. Semarang: Dinas Kesehatan; 2014
16. DKK. Dinkes Kota Semarang. Profil Kesehatan Kota Semarang. Semarang: Bidang P2PL; 2014
17. Dewi DSK, Wulandari L, Karmaya NM. Kerentanan perempuan terhadap penularan IMS dan HIV: gambaran perilaku seksual berisiko di Kota Denpasar. Public Health and Preventive Medicine Archive. 2013;1(1):1-8.
18. Gill AR, Ravanfar P, Mendoza N, Tyring SK. Sexual Behavior and Psychological Aspects Associated with Sexually Transmitted Infections. In: Gross G, Tyring SK, editors. Sexually Transmitted Infections and Sexually Transmitted Diseases. New York: Springer; 2011. p. 35-42.
19. Romoren M, Sundby J, Velauthapillai. Clamydia and Gonorrheae in Pregnant Batswana Women: time to discard the Syndromic Approach? . BMC infect Dis. 2007;7(27).
20. Yoshimura K, Yoshimura M, Kaboyashi T, Kubo T, Hachisuga T, Kashimura M. Can Bakteral Vaginosis help to Find Sexually Transmitted Disease, Especially Chlamydial Cervisitis? Int Jour of STD and AIDS. 2009;20:108-11.
21. Adam AM, Zainuddin AS, Maskur Z, Makalew HL. Vaginosis Bakterial. In: Daili SF, Makes WI, Zubier F, editors. Infeksi Menular Seksual. Jakarta: FKUI; 2014. p. 118.
22. Dalimoenthe I. Perempuan dalam Cengkrama HIV/AIDS, Kajian Sosiologi Feminis Perempuan Ibu Rumah Tangga. Jurnal Sosiologi. 2011;5(1):41-7.
23. Sudha S, Morrison S. Marital Violence and Women's Reproductive Health Care in Uttar Pradesh, India. Women's Health Issues. 2011;21(3):214-21.
24. Swartzendruber A, Brown JL, Sales JM, Murray CC, DiClemente RJ. Sexually Transmitted Infections, Sexual Risk Behavior, and Intimate Partner Violence Among African American Adolescent Females With a Male Sex Partner Recently Released from Incarceration. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2012;51:156–63.
25. WHO. Violence against women: Intimate partner and sexual violence against women. Available at: http://wwwwhoint/mediacentre/factsheets/fs239/en/2014(Juli 2015).
26. KNPPRI. Pemberdayaan Perempuan dalam Pencegahan Penyebaran HIV-AIDS. Jakarta: Bidang Peningkatan Kualitas Hidup Perempuan; 2008.Mulyani NS. Kanker Payudara dan PMS pada Kehamilan. ketiga, editor. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika; 2013.