Profile of the use of Antibiotics in Pediatric Inpatients at S. K. Lerik District Hospital at 2018 with the ATC/DDD amd DU 90% methods
AbstractAntibiotics are the most widely used class of drugs in the world due to the high incidence of bacterial infections. Often the irrational use of antibiotics can cause resistance. Antibiotics are drugs produced by microorganisms that can inhibit or kill other microorganisms. This study aims to determine the profile of antibiotic use in hospitalized pediatric patients at the S. K. Lerik District Hospital using the ATC / DDD method. This research is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach and retrospective data collection. The data for this study were taken in the form of drug names, drug classes, age, dosage forms, strength of preparations, diagnoses and length of stay. Results were are calculated as defined daily dose (DDD) per 100 patient days and based on 90% DU. The results of this study were analyzed quantitatively by the ATC / DDD method and 90% DU. It is known that types of antibiotics used by inpatient pediatric patients in S. K. Lerik District Hospital are cephalosporins, macrolides and penicillins, with the most widely used antibiotic from cephalosporin type is ceftriaxone (51.4%). Antibiotics which entered into the 90% segment of use in the S. K. Lerik District Hospital in pediatric patients during 2018 were ceftriaxone, cefadroxil and cefotaxime. Keywords: drug use profile, antibiotics, ATC, DDD, DU 90%.
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